Human world population is rapidly increasing each day and competition towards use of environmental resources is stretching. Imagine a situation where all forests will be cleared and human life will be vulnerable! Something has to be done… But how will this be adapted to? The uses of energy in Kenya at household level both urban and local highly depend on charcoal and firewood as the immediate source of fuel.
Most Kenyan communities produce a lot of waste and few mechanisms and technologies have been adopted to turn this wastes to energy. The current state of affairs is a lot of money is being spent on disposal mechanisms of these large amounts of waste with dire effects on the environment especially water table and other water bodies within the vicinity of drainage system.
‘‘Biogas has potential to counteract many health problems and financial constraints connected to traditional wood and Electricity energy use’’
Human waste as well as other forms of waste contaminate water posing a hazard on human health. Wastes for instance, human waste, animal waste inclusive of that in slaughter houses and market vegetative wastes are source of biogas. Biogas technology can help Kenya achieve some of the Millennium Development Goals (MDG), especially MDG 7 and MDG 8. ‘‘Biogas has potential to counteract many health problems and financial constraints connected to traditional wood and Electricity energy use’’Currently, the department of environmental education is undertaking a research project on ‘Biogas Technology for Energy and Improved Sanitation’. This project with expertise of Dr. Cecilia Gichuki and Osero Shadrack Tengeya, gained an international recognition as they participated on Climate Colab Conference contest in the USA at Massachusetts in 2014. The project was voted best in the country as it targets the mitigation of negative impacts of climate change to Kenyan communities.
Significance in Kenya Economically, this project will promote the GDP as less energy will be imported to serve the current deficit. Biogas energy has more potential on cooking and lighting – What every Kenyan requires even at the rural settings like schools. Socially, management of environmental resources will be attained, this being one of the indicators on our social pillar‘‘Having biogas technology at our schools, homesteads & slaughter houses is voicing environmental health sanity’’
Impact to Kenyan communitiesAttaining this project is a step forward to the country other than its global recognition. If as a nation we adapt the use of this modern biogas technology; the following benefits will take effect gradually.- Less deforestation cases will occur in the country- More organic fertilizer use increasing farm harvest e.g. maize and animal fodder- Less consumption costs e.g. biogas for cooking other than firewood- Less pollution unlike other forms of energy- Ecosystem friendly as erosion will be controlled through added forest cover- Better hygiene to the community
Researchers: Dr. Cecilia Gichuki and Osero Shadrack Tengeya
The article was written by Innocent Ngare Research Communicator team member from the school of Environmental Studies
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